Saudi Arabia Country Profile


State name

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia/Al-Mamlakah Al-Arabiyah Al-Saudiyah).


Riyadh (spacious 1600 km2, population of 6,125 million in 2015, 180, and is the largest city)

National day

September 23 (fusion of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia commemorates the year 1932 by Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al-Saud as the first King).

The national anthem

Al-Salam al-Malakiy (Greetings).


Green with white Arabic script which means: “there is no God but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God” which is on top of the sword with the tip facing pillars. (The flag should not be flown at half mast)

Coat of arms

Palm tree flanked by two swords crossing located. Date palm symbolizes growth and prosperity, while the sword symbolizes justice and strength as a basis of trust.

The language of the

Arabic. Many United Kingdom language is also used in urban areas.


Islam (100%). The Majority Of Sunnis. Followers of Previously about 5% are mostly in the eastern region: the Qatif, Sayhat, Safwu (near Dammam), and Al-Hasa (near Hoffuf).

Ethnic groups

Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 9%, other 1%.


Saudi Riyal (SR) (since the 1986 exchange rate pegged US $1 = 3.75 SR; (SR 1 = ± Rp 2,500,-). Banknotes with nominal: SR 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, and 500 while coins with nominal: 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 Halalah (1 Riyal = 100 Halalah).


The Islamic Calendar (Hijri).


Friday and Saturday. Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha holiday generally 2 (two) weeks. Starting in 2005, the Government set September 23 as a national holiday.

Hours of work

Government offices 07.30 – 14.00; shops 09.00 – 22.00 (14.00 – 16.00 close). The whole store is closed at the time of prayers. Friday, the shops generally open after praying ‘ ASR.


GMT + 3 hours, GMT – 4 hours (no time difference for the whole area of Arabia).

System size & electric

Metrics and 110/220V 60 Hz.

Phone code

Country codes (966); area code: (011) Riyadh, Makkah, Jeddah, Taif (012), Dammam, Al-Khobar, Dhahran, Hafar Al-Qatif, inner, (013), Tabuk, Al-Jauf, Yanbu, Sakakah, (014), Al-Qassim, Hail and Buraidah (016), Asir, Al-Baha, Jizan, Najran, Khamis Mushait (017).



Located on the Arabian Peninsula between the Red Sea to the West (1,760 km) and the Arabian Gulf in the East (560 km).


2,240,350 km2 (4/5 the Arabian Peninsula) [17 times the size of Java within 132,107 km2].

The limit State

Jordan (Northwest); Iraq and Kuwait (North); Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman (East); and Yemen (South).

Limit line length

Jordan (728 km), Iraq (814 km), Kuwait (222 km), Qatar (60 km), United Arab Emirates (457 km), Oman (676 km), Yemen (1,845 km).

The condition of the land

Arid steppe and Sandy ber of rocks composed, Highlands, mountains, there are no permanent rivers.


Varies in each area. On the coast such as Jeddah is generally hotter and more humid throughout the year (23 ° C – 35 ° C). While in the outback regions such as Riyadh is hotter and drier (May – September, 25 ° C – 40 ° C), but cold in the winter (November – February, 1 ° C – 15 ° C).


Western region (Hejaz) along the Red Sea coast consists of mountain ranges (the two holy cities of Makkah and Madinah, the port city of Jeddah, Yanbu industrial city). Southwest region (Asir) is a lush mountain range (the highest peak of 3000 m), a lot of rain and cool. Southern region contained Rub’Al-Khali/Empty Quarter desert, one of the world’s largest uninhabited. Central region (Najd) consists of a plateau (Riyadh). The eastern region is rich in oil resources (Al-Khobar, Dhahran, Dammam, Jubail Industrial City and). The northern territories there are desert Nafud.

Of natural resources

Oil (25% of world oil reserves), gas (40% of the world gas reserves), minerals (gold, silver, copper), non-metal minerals, and water (84% is underground water, 10% of surface water, 5% water desalination of seawater, water recycling 1%).

Main cities

Riyadh, Jeddah, Makkah, Madinah, Yanbu, Jubail, Al-Khobar, Dammam, and Dhahran.

The population of

The estimated 2014 = 30,770,375; Density = 12.3/km2


Form of State
The Monarchy (Kingdom).
The King Salman ibn Abd al-Aziz al-Saud
Crown Prince Muhammad bin Nayef:
Deputy Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman
Foreign Minister: Adel bin Ahmed Al Jubeir

System Of Government

Islamic countries based on the Qur’an and Sunnah.

The Constitution of the

The Scriptures of the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad. In 1992 established the Basic Law of Government, which regulates the system of Government, the rights and obligations of the Government as well as private citizens.

The legal system

Based on Islamic law (Sharia) sourced from the Holy Book Qur’an Sunnah & Prophet Muhammad.

Political party

Does not exist.

Head Of State/Government

The King and the Prime Minister of the armed forces High Commander & Saudi Arabia. King Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud. [Writing official: Al-Haramain Khadimul Syarifain/The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud]. Born 31 December 1935, son of King Abdul Aziz. On 23 January, 2015 was appointed as King instead of (late) King Abdullah with the continue using the call: Khadimul Al-Haramain Syarifain/custodian of the two Holy Mosques/the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques as a replacement for the call of His Majesty).


In General, bilateral relations ri – Saudi Arabia in the year 2015 enters new momentum since the visit of the President of the Republic of ri and met with King Khan in September 2015. As a follow-up of the visit, number of failed communication and mutual high level officials between the two countries increased, particularly at the level of Ministers. In addition, the President of the REPUBLIC of ri has also been pinpointed in particular Mr. Alwi Shihab as its Special Envoy to Indonesia to Saudi Arabia and the Affairs of the OIC as well as Minister of MINERAL RESOURCES Minister liaison for the State of Saudi Arabia.

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